Vendaje Neuromuscular o Kinesiotape

en forma de yEl vendaje neuromuscular o kinesiotape, es una venda elástica que imita las propiedades de la piel. Los creadores le dieron mucha importancia a la función muscular ya que los músculos no sólo son necesarios para el movimiento sino que también influyen en la circulación sanguínea, linfática y en la temperatura corporal.

De ahí nació la idea de tratar los músculos para activar el proceso natural de sanación del organismo (Homeostasis).

La venda elástica es de algodón y está compuesta por un pegamento hipoalergénico sin látex, al cual se le aplicó un patrón de pegamento que forma que forma un dibujo similar al de la piel humana, permitiendo así su ventilación.

Funcionamiento del Vendaje Neuromuscular o Kinesiotape

La función elevadora del vendaje ayuda a restablecer la circulación sanguínea y la evacuación de la linfa local. Dicha función disminuye la presión de los mecanoreceptores y así disminuye directamente el dolor percibido en la zona vendada.

El vendaje neuromuscular posibilita automáticamente un patrón de movimiento más fisiológico, utilizando así los patrones correctos beneficiando la recuperación del tejido. De esta forma, empiezan a migrar los fibroblastros para sintetizar el colágeno necesario para la recuperación de los tejidos.

Lo novedoso de esta técnica es su carácter activo debido a su acción sobre el sistema neuromuscular, es decir, favorece los procesos de “autosanación” de los que dispone el organismo. Otro aspecto innovador es que no limita el movimiento, de modo que se evitan las complicaciones asociadas a la inmovilidad de otras técnicas y se acelera el proceso de recuperación.

¿Qué efectos produce?

  • Analgesia.
  • Mejora la función muscular por regulación del tono muscular.
  • Ayuda a la función articular por medio de la estimulación de la propiocepción exteroceptiva y la corrección de la posición articular y dirección del movimiento mejorando la biomecánica.
  • Aumenta la estabilidad.
  • Elimina los bloques de la circulación sanguínea y mejora la evacuación linfática.
  • Es un mecanismo reuro-reflejo.

 

¿Cuáles son sus características?

Por sus características, el vendaje neuromuscular es una excelente herramienta ante las lesiones y afecciones musculares de los deportistas, no obstante, el kinesiotape puede ser empleado en numerosos casos, como por ejemplo los siguientes:

  • Lesiones musculares y articulares.
  • Esguinces.
  • Dolor crónico.
  • Dolor de cabeza.
  • Escoliosis.
  • Problemas articulares, neurológicos y ligamentosos.
  • Artritis y artrosis.
  • Rotura de las fibras musculares.
  • Síndrome del túnel carpiano.
  • Hernia discal.
  • Afecciones del nervio ciático.
  • Problemas de rodillas.

 

Tipo de Vendajes

  • Y : alrededor de un vientre muscular.
  • I : sobre un vientre muscular.
  • Asterisco : sobre una zona dolorosa.
  • Doble Y : sobre un punto de dolor.
  • X : desde el punto central alrededor del vientre muscular o para evitar pliegues corporales.
  • Abanico : sobre una zona con extravasación de líquidos, mala circulación, inflamación, edema…
  • Abanico cerrado : sobre articulación o pequeña zona inflamada.

Tras la valoración y previo tratamiento de nuestros fisioterapeutas, en Clínica Praxia lo consideramos un complemento en el tratamiento de las patologías ya que lo más importante para nosotros es, que se mantenga la mayor movilidad posible y que el paciente se recupere en un espacio corto de tiempo.

 

en forma de abanico cerrado en forma de abanico en forma de arterisco

 

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